Writing | Science

Types of Horses

Horses are split into groups, Light horses, Heavy horses, and Ponies.


Ponies are horses that are smaller than 14 hands. (1 hand is 4 inches) Some types of ponies are Shetlands, Welsh, Chincoteague, Newfoundland, and Connemara. Some people think that Chincoteague Ponies used to be horses, but when they began to live in the wild, they began to get smaller because there wasn't much grass to eat.

Shetland Pony

Light Horses

Light Horses are usually used to ride. Some types of light horses are Arabian Horses, Thoroughbreds, Spanish Horses, Appaloosa, Paint Horse, and Quarter Horse. Quarter Horses can run a quarter mile without stopping, which is why they are called Quarter Horses.

Appaloosa Horse

Heavy Horses

Heavy Horses are big horses, like draft horses. Some types of Heavy horses are Clydesdales, Percherons, Shires, Gypsy Vanners, and the Dutch Warmblood. Clydesdales, (My favorite type of horse) were thought to be unfashionable and ugly in the 1900s!

Percheron Horse

Colors of Horses

Some horse breeds can only have some specific coat colors, like, a Friesan can only be black, and can't be any other color.

There are many types of Roan coat colors. Roan is a color mixed with white. For example, Chestnut mixed with white makes an overall reddish color, and it is called strawberry roan, and bay mixed with white is called Bay Roan.

"White" horses, are not actually white. They are gray, or light gray. The only real white horses are albino horses, white horses with red eyes. Some horses have a stripe down their face. This is called a blaze. Thinner blazes are called, stripes. If there is a spot on their forehead, it is called a star. Sometimes, if there is a big blaze that almost covers their whole face, it is called a baldface.

How to Draw a Horse

Step 1: Draw a rectangle, but missing one of the short ends. Make that end rounded. This will be the head.

Step 2: Draw two parallel lines coming from the ends of the head. This will be the neck.

Step 3: Draw 2 more parallel lines, coming from the neck, make sure they are straight. Connect the two lines at the end of it. This will be the horses body.

Step 4: Draw 2 lines as legs, with round hoofs at the bottom.

Step 5: Draw eyes, a nose, and a smile on the horses head:)